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The greatest wealth transfer of this century! An analysis: British-US-Chinese Empires: Gold, Silver, Bitcoin, Ethereum!
"Inflation makes you pay 50 dollars for the 20 dollar haircut you used to get for 5 dollars when you had hair!" Let's embark on a journey that made the United States the number 1 economy of the world.
1. Despite the British Empire's claim that it would for ever remain the leading empire,history can serve as a harbinger for what's to come...
At the peak of its power, in 1913, "the empire on which the sun never sets", controlled 25% of the planet's land mass and about the same percentage of the world's population. Britain was both the naval an imperial power of the 19th century, and between 1812-1914, its dominance resulted in relative peace in Europe and the rest of the world. The industrial revolution transformed Britain into the workshop of the world. By the start of the 20th century things changed as both Germany and the United States started to challenge Britain's economic and influential leadership. As often happened during human history such challenging lead to war and although Britain achieved its largest territorial influence after WW1, the war had destroyed much of its economic strength, with losses in industrial and military power marking the begin of its demise. During WW2, Japan occupied Britain's colonies, and after WW2, India, Britain's most valuable and populous possession, achieved independence. Much of the British Empire's influence is now enshrined in the Commonwealth Charter, stating shared values like democracy, human rights and the rule of law. The United Kingdom's pound sterling was its world's reserve currency during its reign and by controlling the supply of money, Britain was able to influence its global power. "Permit me to issue and control the money of a nation, and I care not who makes its laws!"Mayer Amschel Rothschild
2. The US Empire repeats this blueprint by claiming the U.S. Dollar's reserve currency status as its birthright!
The Federal Reserve Act. The Panic of 1907 triggered many American's belief that The Federal Reserve Act, passed by the 63rd United States Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on December 23, 1913, was necessary for financial and economic stability. The law created the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States. The Bretton Woods System. The FED ended immobile reserve issues and the inelastic currency problems and successfully internationalized the U.S Dollar as the global reserve currency. The usage of the prior nationally used U.S. Dollar expanded a first time when the Allies agreed to the terms of the Bretton Woods System, establishing the rules for commercial as well as financial regulations among the United States and its allies. Canada, Western Europe, Australia and Japan accepted the U.S. Dollar, which was backed by a gold exchange standard, making the U.S. Dollar "as good as gold". This was only possible because the United States controlled two thirds of the world's gold reserves. Soviet representatives, who claimed that institutions like the IMF and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) were Wall Street branches, didn't participate in Bretton Woods and later proved to be right, as the United States printed too much money (not backed by its gold reserves) to wage war on Vietnam, destroying a big part of the value of the U.S. Dollars held by its allies, due to the inflation of the U.S. Dollar money supply. Yet, the initial demand for U.S. dollars created the American way of life: a consumer driven economy fueled by products made outside the U.S. in return for U.S. Dollars. As the Allied countries couldn't really buy any "Made in America"-products, due to the fact that the United States' elites rather outsourced their manufacturing, they instead invested their hard labor into U.S. Treasuries. On August 1971, President Richard Nixon announced the unilateral cancellation of the direct international convertibility of the United States dollar to gold, in a response to halt the Allied countries' continuous attempts to exchange their U.S. Dollars for Gold. By 1973, the Bretton Woods system was replaced by the current freely floating fiat currency system. The petro dollar system. The second wave of U.S. Dollar adoption was the result of the petro dollar, making the global trade of oil U.S. Dollar denominated. Every country on this planet needed and still needs oil to operate and grow its economy, creating an enormous growth in U.S. Dollar demand and like mentioned before, those dollars had to be earned. Especially China served the United States consumer model by producing almost everything Americans can buy in Wall Mart and other stores. By relying on the U.S. Dollar reserve currency status, the American elites have made the mistake of outsourcing manufacturing to China, as often predicted by Donald Trump in the 1980's. The y figured it was easier to just print wealth. The tradewar. President Donald Trump, decided it was time to bring jobs back to the U.S. and started an ongoing trade war with China, the country that supplied the U.S. consumer driven economy, and proud owner of $1.07 trillion in Treasury holdings. The trade war has negatively impacted the economies of both the United States and China and will most likely result in the decoupling of both economies. What is to come? My personal insights. I see huge problems for the U.S. and the rest of the western liberal democracies. But especially the United States, who's currency amounts to no less than 60% of all the world's reserve assets, is vulnerable if and when China who only accounts for 1 or 2 %, says it is time for change. Most likely we will experience another banking crisis, with or without Covid-19, and unfortunately a bigger one when compared to the 2008 dissaster. Did you know that the global debt tripled since then? Many economists and politicians advocate the end of the U.S. Dollar reserve currency system and predict a reset. Every financial system has a limited lifespan similar to a human live: it is created, it grows, it matures, and unfortunately, it ages, weakens and dies. It happened to the Brittish Pound Sterling, and I am afraid that the days of this financial hegemony are numbered as well. And I did write "afraid", why? History tells us that these transition periods are particularly dangerous and have often led to full-blown military conflicts if not world wars. The current wealth transfer, the result of manufacturing outsourcing to mainland China, impoverished the United States and destroyed its middle class. President Donald Trump's analysis that the U.S. needs a strong manufacturing base is correct, yet without its allies the United States will not be able to turn the tide. It took China decades to build its manufacturing base, and President Trump doesn't have the privilege of having the political luxury to design five year plans, as the United States capitalistic and political model specializes more on presidential campaigning and less on economic planning, which is exactly China's strength.
3. The Chinese 'digital' empire.
China is ideally positioned to become the new global power: it produces many of our products and dominates most supply chains. It has been hoarding gold and mines most of the Bitcoin. It might just have the right reserve assets to back its DCEP, the digital Yuan, which will be pilot tested during the 2022 Winter Olympics hosted by China. Despite the fact that the United States and other western nations might not want to adopt the Yuan or allow it to be part of the world's reserve assets, China can demand payment in Yuan for its products. It's that simple! This is why outsourcing is such as stupid economic voluntarily yet fatal policy. If you only print money and don't produce goods, how long will the world play ball? One of the results of Trump's trade war is that China and other countries such as Russia and Iran no longer want to be vulnerable to U.S. sanctions that come in the shape of being denied access to the financial system through Swift. The United States can indeed destroy a big part of Iran's economy, but Iran is now becoming a big cryptocurrency player. In other words, bullying those countries might work in the short-term, but in the long-term they will simply adopt a new standard: and I believe that the Yuan will likely play a major role in the financial system they will adopt. This trend means that the expansion of the demand in U.S. Dollars will stop and reverse, when countries no longer want to use the currency whose issuer can economically destroy them through sanctions. The alternatives for such countires are cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum and many others, national CBDC's (Central Bank Digital Currencies), and the adoption of the digital Yuan. This digital Yuan will be attached to the One Belt, One road initiative, finding adoption whilst developing huge infrastructure projects that will lead to a Eurasian trading zone. If the U.S. Military leaves the Middle East, as Trump brings home troops, this will create the right conditions for China to emerge as the victor.
4. Surveillance Capitalism - Insights on the DCEP (Digital Currency Electronic Payment, DC/EP):
This centralized digital financial system works on blockchain and cryptographic principles and aims to increase the circulation of the RMB, in the hope it can become a reserve currency like the U.S. Dollar.
Created and sanctioned by the Chinese Government, it is the only legal digital currency in China.
The system offers Chinese regulators better monitoring abilities and will be an efficient tool against anonymous counterfeiting, money laundering and illegal financing. At the same time it reduces costs involved in maintaining and recycling bank notes and coins.
As mentioned above, China aims to bypass Swift, which it regards to be a U.S. entity, and will be able to collect real-time data related to money creation, bookkeeping, essential information for the implementation of monetary policies.
The pilot institutions for DCEP, China Construction Bank, Agricultural Bank of China, Bank of China and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, will serve as a production test for China's new currency system, after which the DCEP will be distributed to large fintech companies such as Tencent and Alibaba to be used in WeChat Pay and AliPay. Transfers will not go through bank accounts, but through electronic wallets.
By mandating that all merchants who accept digital payments must accept DCEP, the DECP will become the most accepted digital currency in the world.
5. Sings of hope.
If the United States adopts blockchain and issues a CBDC (Central Bank Digital Currency) backed by Bitcoin, they will have a reasonable chance to offer the western democracies a new type of dollar standard that can be an anchor versus the coming RMB. If not, I fear the worst is yet to come for the U.S. Dollar and its economy. Many smart American economists and Wall Street goeroe's have finally figured out the remarkable strength of Bitcoin, the world's first and most favorite digital form of gold. Some of the smartest investment capitalists like Ray Dalio and Warren Buffet have allocated more money into gold, a clear sign of trouble. Bitcoin might be a step too far for Warren Buffet, but rest assure that Wall Street investment management companies have figured it out by now, have you? You can expect more institutions to allocate a % of their portfolio's wealth into Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, as a hedge against the systemic risk in our global financial system, which will inevitable start feeling the effects of the trillions that have been printed. "Inflation makes you pay 50 dollars for the 20 dollar haircut you used to get for 5 dollars when you had hair!"
Weekly Update: Parachute Townhall, Welcome $GET to ParJar, Uptrennd reaches 50k members, Fantom on IncognitoChain... – 6 Dec - 12 Dec'19
Hi Parachuters! As part of 2 of 3 from today's rapid catch up series of pending updates, here’s your week at Parachute + partners (6 Dec - 12 Dec'19): As mentioned last week, Cap and Ice hosted a townhall to talk about where we are at and where we are heading along with ample feedback and Q&A from the community. We covered a lot of ground: "value hypothesis for ParJar, Product Market fit, and our growth approach for 2020...performance of two key PAR utility metrics, staking and gas, and how we see growth for each in 2020...questions from the community and reviewed upcoming community initiatives". Click here to catch up on all that happened. GET Protocol’s $GET token was added to ParJar this week. Belated Birthday wishes to Doc Vic from Cuba. Jason lost a 5k $PAR wager with Cap on Victor’s age. Haha. Congratulations to Martha for winning this week’s Parena. As per the latest Fantasy Premier League (#FPL) update shared by LordHades this week, he is still ruling the charts at the top with NovelCloud and Alexis hot on his heels. From next week, "You can now view your first opponent in the 2019/20 FPL Cup on the My Team page - under Leagues". While you slay those miles with the Parachute Running Club (which has done 44 miles so far BTW), here’s a podcast to listen to. Cap’s recommendation: "It's geared towards people building products - but super super useful to think about any products you use. Skip to like 9 minutes in to skip through all the advertiesments ". Yes, I know. Cap wouldn’t be Cap without typos. Typos FTW! Parachute townhall Parachute-themed shirts designed by Doc Vic and Alejandro on Doc’s birthday. These are sick! If you want to see yourself on the Parachute world map, make sure to enter your location here. The entries are anonymous. In this week's Parachute Fantasy Football League update, Hang is in the first position followed by Clinton and Andy. Connor made it to the playoffs and is now in 4th position. So it means farewell to Nilz, Ken, Kamo and Cap from this season. CoD mobile players, don't forget to join the Parachute WarZone hosted by Doc Vic from Cuba. I hear there's $PAR and $AMGO to be won! The TTR Hat Contest ended this week with some solid entries running in the lead. Epic creation Wendell! In this week’s creative prompt by Jason, Parachuters had to “do 3 nice things for a total stranger”. Basically, be a true blue Parachuter 😊. For this week's Two-for-Tuesday, Gian made it free-for-all. No theme. Post music as you wish and win 500 $PAR. Cool! Benjamin and Charlotte hosted trivias in TTR this week. Those were loads of fun! Andy announced the start of a College Football Bowl Game Pickem contest in Parachute. 100k $PAR prize pool. Doc Vic hosted another round of Champions League wager this week in TTR. So much epicness in one picture. Jose, you are a genius! Andy's Advent Calendar journey continues Catch up on the latest aXpire update and 20k AXPR burn here and here respectively. As you would already know, instead of pitting both startups against each other, XIO decided to accept both Opacity and Uptrennd into the incubator program and opened up staking for them. This marks the official launch of the XIO Blockchain Incubator and it’s been a roaring start with USD 7k worth of tokens locked up in one hour and Opacity portal getting oversubscribed in no time. Video instructions for staking can be found here. Read up on the startups here. In three days, the total staking crossed 1M XIO levels. Insane! That is a great metric to measure performance. How does the $XIO token play a role in all this? The crew explained in this tweet thread. And with that a series of related discussions got off starting with the possibility of self-nomination for startups. Have a sub-100 CMC project that you think should be part of the incubator? Don’t forget to tag them. Plus, a cool 25k $XIO giveaway was launched. Remember, meaningful conversation is always welcome at the incubator and more often than not, they get rewarded. Check out the latest update on the Birdchain App SMS feature along with an expanded list of supported countries. Silent Notary reduced the $LAW token requirement for running a Masternode from 100M to 20M this week. Russian research company sudexpa.ru also gave its vote of confidence to Silent Notary in terms of its immutability. Wibson Marketing Manager Fi Scantamburlo attended the Latin American Bitcoin Conference Uruguay to speak on Data privacy, monetisation and how Wibson helps achieve these. Opacity now allows shared file preview for uploaded docs. Shared File Preview on Opacity Fantom's foray into the Afghan Ministry of Health's efforts to fight counterfeit drugs and other public health initiatives were covered by Forbes this week. Last week, we shared that Sikoba's e-voting platform, Itugen, which is based on Fantom’s Lachesis consensus was released. This week, they published its technical whitepaper. With so many moving parts in the project and so much happening all around, a recap is always a welcome refresher to catch up. $FTM got listed on South Korea’s Coinone with a $KRW pairing. It was also integrated with the IncognitoChain project’s pDEX with a $pUSDT pairing (remember, Harmony was added to the same platform a few days back?). IncognitoChain allows cryptos to be transacted privately using sidechains including those coins/tokens which are not privacy-oriented. Fantom also launched a developer portal and technical documentation ahead of the XAR Network mainnet release. The interoperability bridge is out as well. This allows both ERC20 and BEP2 token holders to move their tokens to the XAR Network. The wallet allows both staking and delegation. For the guide to joining XAR Network as a validator node, click here. A simple guide to staking on XAR Network can be found here. The team also sat down for an AMA with COTI this week. Blockchain Magazine’s interview of Michael was published. Continuing with Uptrennd’s 24 Days of Celebrations started last week, this week they hosted an Escape Room contest and Photo contest. The latest $1UP tokenomics update can be seen here. After 11 months, the platform now has 50k users across 177 countries. Wowza! And wicked stats on the engagement metrics as well. Jeff’s interview with Crypto Beadles came out this week. A few entries for the Uptrennd Photo Contest Click here and here for the latest District Weekly and Dev Update from District0x. In case you missed this week’s Dapp Digest, you can watch it here. Aragon fans will be in for a treat since it features Aragon Co-Founder Luis Cuende as a special guest. Remember, we had discussed last week that the Shuffle Monster Raffle had crossed a 10k $SHUF pool. Turns out it got to 13k+. Wow! The latest Hydro developer update is a comprehensive roundup from the entire ecosystem. VCC Exchange listed $HYDRO with a $BTC pairing. Hydro’s security tokenisation protocol, Hail, moved to mainnet this week. The team travelled to Boston for MassChallenge Fintech. Hydro will be hosting a Banking-as-a-Service happy hour next week to talk on how they are building solutions in the BaaS space. For starters, don’t forget to read their article on blockchain applications in finance. The team appeared for an AMA with Apache Traders which also featured a 45k $HYDRO giveaway. Digital payments platform VoPay is now partnered with Hydro for end-to-end payment solutions using Hydrogen API and other Hydro tools. Hydro’s smart contract was audited by Callisto and passed their test with flying colours except for one "low severity" issue. The result: "The contract can be deployed". CTO Tim Allard was interviewed by Ethereum Network Nigeria as part of their Ethereum personality chat series. For the latest update on the community explorer Frost, click here. In Pynk’s first guest blog post, community member (or, Pynkster) Alistaire Wallace talks about what the coming year could hold for Pynk and its community of predictors. Check out the transcript of Sentivate’s AMA with tehMoonwalkeR here. Sentivate’s new office in PA is shaping up quite well This week at OST was all about the Pepo app: from angel investor Kartik to Rocket NFT’s Alex Masmej joining the platform, accelerator The Fledge using Pepo Conversations to power community-sourced improvements to businesses, Home for the Holidays Challenge to explain crypto/blockchain to relatives (with a total USD 2k in Pepo coins in prizes) and a “best lifehack” bounty posted by Jason on the app. If you’ve missed all SelfKey news from the past month, you can catch up from the November progress report. Also, did you know that the group Legion of Doom which was once considered to be the most capable hacking group in the world was in a long drawn feud with Masters of Deception in what is now known as the Great Hacker War? Learn more info like this from SelfKey’s latest article on hacking groups. Constellation CEO Ben Jorgensen will be speaking at the Crypto 2020 Summit. If you’re attending, make sure to say Hi. Arena Match announced a trading competition on DDEX with 4M $AMGO tokens to be won. Lucky Bluff Poker will be sponsoring next week’s Arena Match Raffle. The latest Harmony update compilation from the whole team can be found here. In the latest Pangea statistics (Harmony’s experimental staking game to test the limits of its tech), the average staking position is 1.8M $ONE with 75% of participants operate nodes themselves while the rest use delegates. Plus, check out the newest upgrades here. Honest Mining announced mainnet support for the native $ONE token swap. $ONE is also in consideration for listing on Binance US. The token was listed on Pionex this week. The Intellishare website registration and login functions will be down next week for a scheduled upgrade. Also, $INE traders make sure to keep a note of WBFex temporarily disabling the $ETH trading pair. Jobchain’s $JOB token got listed on Bilaxy exchange, P2PB2B exchange, SWFT Blockchain wallet and SWOP.SPACE exchange. The project was also given an A+ score by Xangle. Congrats! And with that, it’s a wrap. See you again soon with another weekly update. Bye!
So, I've come up to the following comment of a video on youtube and since the guy is obviously biased towards EOS, and missing a lot essential information regarding Cardano, I've actually realized he is making a good point in a way or another. Especially considering the fact that the two projects have almost similar life-length. Let me make it clear, ADA is 99.5% of my portfolio, and i'm in since November of 2018, but let's be honest, there are questions to be raised, and I would start with: how about getting Staking released after 5 official postponements? Here's the comment: Some facts about Cardano: - They have a wallet. Its not working very well, takes forever to sync. But, its peer reviewed....like everything else will be. - still running on one server, but promisses to be the most decentralized of all. Some day... - The IOHK contract expires in 2020. - One of the only two dapps that were developing on cardano (sp8do) moved to eos. - Did i mention that they have a wallet? Some facts about eos: - running with NO FEES and INSTANT transactions (try gaming sites...youll be amazed) on 21 Block Producers out of 500+ from which the voters can choose from, every 2 minutes. - VC founds investing 100s of millions (Novogratz Galaxy digital 325 Million, $100m FinLab AG and BlockOne VC Fund, $50m SVK Crypto and B1 fund, $50m Tomorrow Blockchain opportunities fund, ...___). - $1bn BlockOne commitment to fund Dapps in the Eco system (EOS VC Initiative) - $200m VC fund with Blockchain veterans Michael Cao and Winnie Liu, which will make strategic investments in Asia-focused projects utilizing EOSIO - Bitmain's Jihan Wu investing heavy in BlockOne - PayPal’s Peter Thiel investing heavy in BlockOne - Rob Jesudason, the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Australia’s Commonwealth Bank (CBA), has left the bank to join BlockOne as chief operating officer - Tomorrow Ventures, a venture capital linked to former Alphabet Inc chairman Eric Schmidt, is also involved. - sister chains launching (Worbly, Telos, Eosforce, Boid, Evolution, Eoseurope, BOS,..) They will eventually have inter-Blockchain communication (IBC) which will be a revolution in speed and usability. - Activision (call of duty, angry birds) and Mythical games giants already building on eos. Mythical Games $16m founded by VC's. - China government rated EOS number 1 crypto many times. - Weiss Rating rated EOS number 1 crypto - blocktivity shows - 87 million trx per day, more than all other crypto combined and multiplied many times - in its inphancy (In comparison Ethereum average 600k and Bitcoin average 500k) - 17.000 trx pre pecond on testnet, beating every other project many times over - Wickipedia founder launched Everypedia on EOS, growing fast and thinking on launching their own eos sister chain - DappRadar - most used dapps of all other crypto - Second in number of developers, behind ethereum (not for long as they are moving to eos) - free Airdrops and Airgrabs, worth 1/3 of the EOStokens in just 8 months and coming more and more frequent - Bancor launched a decentralised exchange where you can trade ETH, ERC20, EOS and all EOS airdrops directly beetween them, without fees - many DEX exchanges where you can trade EOS airdrops directly from/to your EOS account - no need to send them anywhere!! (jeah, really!) Eos is growing a brand new internal blockchain market of its own. Many tokens atm are only tradable in EOS. - introducing EOSBTC, EOSETH and EOSUSDT..that act like eth, btc and usdt stable coins, but on eos's blockchain speed - Ledger Nano S integration, where you can set up Ledger to be your active or owner key... and so protecting your eos account even if someone steals your Ledger. A revolution in crypto security. - 4,8 BILLION US DOLLARS warchest in CASH - EOS's development funding is the only crypto that is not effected by the bear market - BlockOne is the only one out there hireing lots of developers in a bear market when others are laying them off. - Many Dapps migrating from ETH to EOS (Sense coin, havven, texico, medipedia, sentinel, Eos Dice bet,...). Even one of the only two dapps developing on cardano just moved to eos (sp8do), publicly exposing cardano as too complicated to build on. - incredibly scalable (every future issue can be fixed easily without a fork) - FORTH crypto in trading volume in a BEAR market (only behind BTC, ETH and USDT) - multiple exchanges adding EOS trading pairs regularly - Blockchain with human readable names, makes transferes as easy as possible - Blockchain with top security, the first one with the so called 'owner' and 'active' key pairs. - one of the strongest and largest community there is. EOS reddit, EOS telegram, a huge amount of sub communities too like for Block Producers, Developers, Designers, people who just talk price action... Even the individual block producers have their own communities, sister chains have their own, dapps build on eos have their own communities... - Virginia Tech - the tech school where Dan Larimer is teaching young troops on eos and blockchain...wait till they come out of there... - Chintai lending, where you can lent your eos resources for profit, today. - Huobi just launched a new exclusively EOS based exchange, where voting and other things will be possible. - referendum voting is on, the ultimate decentralisation. Power to the token hodlers. - EVA, the Uber competition dapp built on EOS got an official operating permit in Quebec - Just out - support for Microsofts . NET - Virginia Tech partnering with Block One - pEOS - just Airdroped to all eos holders. Privacy coin on eos mainet! Immagine a monero on eos... That you can send from eos account to another eos account without a trace... ;) - Tapatalk, a forum system that has over 200.000 forums all around the internet, and more that 300 mio users, is implementing their reward system on EOS. - EffectAI (EFX) moving from NEO to EOS in april 19. - Sense, the new telegram on eos, launched. - Wanchain announced it will integrate with EOS. - FCAS standars of CoinMarketCap rates EOS in first place. - Block one released an hardware wallet as an open source library so any HW can use it - cybersecurity veteran Eddie Schwartz joins Block1 as chief information security officer - EOS is listed on CoinBase Pro. - Still to come (and consequently rise the price): - REX renting (voting incentive, CPU congestion solving) - Block One wallet (with all the goodies in one secure place) - Trezor and other hard wallets implementation - banking on eos (yes, they are opening their own bank where the costumers will be the owners, it is called The Good Bank) - dmail - an email beetween eos accounts, just about finished - facebook on eos, - identitiy on eos, - genome on eos - financial markets on eos, - last but not least - Dan Larimer thinking of a Bitcoin on stereoids on the eos chain (so called Shower coin, that made the competition shit in their pants according to the "Dan is leaving" FUD they are still desperately trying to spread) All this in under a year... And June is coming...
Hello! My name is Vladimir Hovanskiy. I am a Google Adwords manager at Platinum, a business facilitator of new generation, providing STO and ICO marketing services. We already created best STO blockchain platform on the market and consulted more than 700 projects. Here’s the proof 😎 Platinum.fund We are more than proud that we not only promote but also share our knowledge with the students of the UBAI. Here you can learn how to do security token offering and initial coin offering! Now I want to share some cool info on the purpose and role of tokens within the Blockchain ecosystem at the ICO stage. Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) History Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are a means of fundraising for the initial capital needed to get new projects off the ground within the cryptocurrency ecosystem. More often than not, Bitcoin and Ethereum, are used to buy a quantity of project tokens. However, new projects are also being launched on alternative Blockchain platforms such as NEO or WANchain, wherein the “parent” chain’s tokens will be used to fund these ICOs. Pre-launch, ICO tokens are endorsed as functional currency in the project ecosystem. After a project’s ICO, it is available on exchanges, and then the market determines the value of those tokens. The main benefit of using the ICO funding system is that it avoids the prohibitive amount of time and expense incurred by launching a startup in the conventional method, by way of Initial Public Offering (IPO). The lengthy and costly process of ensuring regulatory compliance in different jurisdictions often makes the IPO format unfeasible for small companies. Thus, the ICO method of fundraising is far more attractive as a means of crowd funding for the project. But at the same time, an ICO is certainly riskier for the investor. It is important to note the different stages of the token sale. Token prices generally escalate the closer the token gets to its listing date. Projects often seek funding from angel investors even before the date of the private pre-sale is set, though some ICOs do go straight to pre-sale. After potential initial investment has been sought from angel investors, pre-sale begins. Usually there will be a 15–30% discount from the public sale price. The main-sale begins after the pre-sale has concluded. At that time, normal everyday crypto enthusiasts, with no connections to the team, may buy into the project at pretty close to the ground floor price. Angel investors and pre-sale investors sometimes receive quite large discounts from main sale prices, but their tokens are locked up for varying amounts of time, to prevent dumping, or selling all their tokens for a quick profit at the time of listing. Today the vast majority of ICOs make use of the Ethereum blockchain and the ERC-20 token. The very first token sale was arranged by Mastercoin, a Bitcoin fork, in July 2013. Ethereum soon followed in early 2014, raising 3700 BTC in only 12 hours (equivalent to $2.3 million at that time, and just under $35 million today). Before late 2015 there were sporadic ICOs, with Augur, NXT and Factom all successfully raising funds. 2016 was the year that the ICO format grew to truly disrupt the Venture Capital industry. There were 64 ICOs in 2016 which cumulatively raised $103 million USD. Tremendous Success & Why Real World Case Study The ICON (ICX) Initial coin offering is an example of a project that reaped the rewards of a token sale done with precision of execution and clarity of vision. The project promised to build a world-wide decentralized network that would allow Blockchains of different governances to transact with one another without a centralized authority, and with as few barriers as possible. ICX offered fair and clear tokenomics, with 1 Ether buying 2500 ICX, and with 1 ETH costing approximately 250 dollars when the ICO began on September 18th. 50% of the total amount of tokens were put up for public sale, 400,230,000 out of a total of 800,460,000, equating to a fundraising goal of 150,000 Ether. One of the core reasons for the project’s spectacular success was the incredibly distinguished background of those involved, and the foundation the project had in many years of stellar achievement. ICON was originally a project developed by “The Loop”, a joint venture between DAYLI financial group and three Korean Universities. They lead the Korea Financial Investment Blockchain Consortium, one of the largest organizations of its kind in the world, boasting members including Samsung Securities. The Loop had already implemented Blockchain solutions for high profile clients well before ICX was born, including completing a KYC/AML authentication smart contract platform for Korea Financial Investment Consortium. Real World Example of Failure & Why Case Study The risk involved in starting your own company is huge. Over 75% of startups eventually fail, according to the Harvard Business School study by Shikhar Ghosh. The study’s findings show the rate of failure for new companies is roughly 50% after 5 years, and over 75% after 10. Shikhar Ghosh identifies the following issues as the most common factors in start-up failure: -Insufficient Market Demand -Insolvency -Wrong Team -Got beat by competition -Pricing/Cost issues -Poor Product -Need for or Lack of business model -Ineffective Marketing -Disregarding Customer desires The statistics concerning rate of failure for conventional business startups pale in comparison to the number of crypto startups that fail according to Tokendata. They are one of the most rigorous ICO trackers, recording 46% of the 902 ICO crowdsale projects initiated in 2017 as failing by the time of writing. Of these 46%, 142 collapsed before the end of the funding stage, and a further 276 had either “exit scammed” (took the money and ran) or slowly faded into eventual obscurity. With no shortage of failed and abortive projects to look into, we thought it would be more helpful to look into an ICO that was mismanaged and unsuccessful in terms of its execution, rather than being fraudulent, or terminally mismanaged. Real World Example of Failure & Why §3 Tezos was designed as a “new decentralized Blockchain that governs itself by establishing a true digital commonwealth”. The project was a partnership between the husband and wife team of Kathleen and Arthur Breitman, and a Swiss foundation run by Johann Gevers. They had a novel idea of “formal verification”, a technique that mathematically proves the veracity of code governing transactions and heightens security of smart contracts. That idea was wholeheartedly endorsed by investors, resulting in $232 million USD raised in the 2017 crowdsale. Trouble arose after the Breitmans asked the head of the Swiss foundation they were in partnership with to step down. In Gever’s words, the Breitman’s were attempting “to bypass Swiss legal structure and take over control of the foundation”. The resulting 6 class action lawsuits that were spawned from the wreckage of one of the most successful ICOs of all time have yet to be fully resolved at the time of writing, though Gevers has stepped down and a new leadership team is in place. The Tezos Network has a prospective launch date of somewhere around Q3 2018. The debacle, though not terminal to the prospects of the Tezos network, provides a cautionary tale about the need for a clearly defined leadership structure and plan for the allocation of funds after an ICO. It is entirely possible that the Tezos project could have ridden the late 2017 market euphoria to sit near the top of the cryptocurrency hierarchy if boardroom strife could have been avoided. Real World Example of Failure & Why §4 Projects often also “pivot” from one focus or project to another. More often than not, teams change the project name entirely, even while retaining the same core team, to try for a successful venture one more time. One such project is Chain Trade Token (CTT) which, while technically speaking, not yet a “deadcoin”, shows all the signs of shutting down operations within a few months, and “pivoting” into a new project. The CTT project aimed to be the “first blockchain-based platform for the trading of futures and options on food and raw materials (aka commodity derivatives)”. But through a combination of a non-existent social media presence, and a distinct lack of urgency in securing listings beyond decentralized exchanges, the lofty ambitions of the top-level team were left unrealized. The team has supposedly split their operations from solely Chain Trade, to a former business endeavors, and the Nebula Decentralized Exchange. The project leaders then offered a 1-for-1 token swap which has been accepted by the vast majority of CTT holders. The ICO Process Before even researching the particular strengths and weaknesses of any specific project in which you may want to invest, it is important to know the overall processes of the ICO crowdfunding method. This will allow you to avoid any potential pitfalls if you do decide to move forward and invest money into a particular idea or project. How does an ICO happen? Stage One: Token sale details are set: This takes place usually after release of the whitepaper, and the presentation of a project to prospective investors in forums and on social media. Stage Two: Whitelisting for private sale begins: The vast majority of all ICOs have instituted KYC checks for investors which usually involve uploading a photograph of your passport or driving license along with a selfie holding the ID. Did you know? Participation in ICOs has proven to be a regulatory nightmare in some localities. Most token sales restrict contributions from investors in China and the USA entirely, though accredited investors may participate in the USA in some cases. Stage Three: Private/Pre-sale states: Typically, 10% of tokens will be offered to early investors at a 10–30% discount. These select few investors will likely have a close association with the team. But not all projects have a pre-sale round, some go straight to public sale. Stage Four: Whitelisting for Public/Main sale starts: The same format used for pre-sale investors is used for public sale investors, though it is a regular occurrence to see main sale KYC checks closed early due to overwhelming demand. An investor must then register a contribution wallet address. That is the address used to send cryptocurrency from, to buy the ICO tokens, and then also into which you will receive your purchased tokens. This wallet address must be a non-exchange wallet, like Blockchain.info bitcoin wallet, or MyEtherWallet for ERC-20. You already understand from the prior lesson that making a mistake with your wallet address may mean you lose the tokens forever as well as the BTC or ETH you used to purchase them. Copying and pasting your cryptocurrency public key into the whitelist wallet form is the next task to complete. And then, as the investor, you wait for confirmation of successful ICO registration from the team. Stage Five: Public sale starts: Commonly on a specific date, though sometimes for a specific period of time. If you are interested in participating in an ICO, it is important to make your contribution as quickly as possible, or you risk sending your ETH or BTC after the hard cap has been reached, resulting in your funds being sent back. This refund can sometimes take many days, or even weeks in times of high market activity. Did you know? In 2017 it was not unheard of to find ICOs that had originally scheduled their ICO period for many weeks, but then they met with such high demand that they could close their crowdsale in a matter of hours or even in just a few minutes! Stage Six: Tokens are allocated to successful participant investor wallets, and trading can begin on some decentralized exchanges like IDEX, or EtherDelta in the case of Ethereum based tokens. Tokens will be sent to and received by the wallet addresses from which the investor contributions were made. Stage Seven: Tokens are listed on mainstream exchanges: The tokens will then be listed on the exchanges with which the teams have negotiated listing, prior to or during the sale. It can cost huge amounts of money to list on large exchanges like Bitfinex Bittrex, Huobi or Binance, so usually smaller projects will not be listed on top 10 exchanges so quickly. As tokens are listed on more and more exchanges, their price usually rises because more and more investors are exposed to opportunities to buy that particular token. Evaluating a Blockchain Use Case Evaluating a particular use case for Blockchain technology, and thus how successful an ICO project’s ambitions might be in a particular market, is not a simple endeavor. As demonstrated in the graphic below, Blockchain technology has nearly limitless potential to be applied to a great variety of business areas, but as an ICO investor, you are looking for projects that have the potential to deliver significant long-term success. In the currently saturated ICO environment, some use cases have more potential than others. Ascertaining which use case is likely to have long term success is a key distinction. Also, we must recognize that businesses and corporate entities may be overeager to experiment with this new Blockchain technology, whether or not usage of the technology is actually advisable or profitable for their particular purpose. The main questions to ask when analyzing specific solutions proposed by the project are: What are the problems posed and the solutions offered? Does this particular area of business need a Blockchain solution? That is, is a Blockchain solution in fact superior to the current way this particular business operates? Is the use of Blockchain in this specific instance feasible and applicable? What are competitors doing about Blockchain projects in this same area? A Blockchain network provides a shared, replicated, secured, immutable and verifiable data ledger. The implication for use case analysis: Shared and replicated: participants have a copy of the ledger and many people can view it or work on it Secured: Secured through cryptography Verifiable: Business rules are associated with all interactions that occur on the network Immutable: Transactions (records) cannot be modified or deleted, therefore a verifiable audit trail is maintained by the network So, with all this considered, what should we look for with regard to a possible business use case that would be best solved using Blockchain technology? 1. Data exchange that has trust issues i.e. businesses transacting with one another. Trust must be established through a multitude of verification processes with regards to employees and products. These processes increase operational cost. Example: Digital voting. 2. Any potential business process involving data storage, or compliance and risk data that get audited. Blockchain solutions would provide the regulators a real-time view of information. Example: Supply chain solutions like VeChain or WaltonChain. The possibility of close to zero operational loss would of course be attractive to any business. 3. All kinds of asset transactions. A Blockchain network, with its tamper-proof ledger, validating traceable and trackable transactions, could save many different industries untold amounts of money. Example: Tokenization of assets e.g. Jibrel Network or Polymath Purpose of Tokens Within the cryptocurrency ecosystem, the definition and role of a token iswidely understood. They represent programmable units of currency that sit atop a particular Blockchain, and they are part of a smart contract “logic” specific to a certain application. In the business sphere, a token can be defined as a unit of value that a project or business venture creates to enable it to self-govern. And the business venture also allows token users to connect and collaborate with its business products, while facilitating the sharing of rewards to all of its stakeholders. A token can also be described in a more general sense as a type of privately issued currency. In the past it was solely within the purview of governments to issue currency and set the terms of its governance. With the advent of Blockchain technology we now have businesses and organizations offering forms of digital money over which they, not the government or central bank, have control of the terms of operations and issuance. Wide scale adoption of these mechanisms could fundamentally alter the global economy. This is like the creation of self-sustaining, mini-economies in any sector of business or life, via a specific token or currency. Fun Fact: Tokens of the particular Blockchain upon which the project is launched will usually have to be bought in order to be exchanged for ICO tokens, hence it is important for traders and investors to be aware of the schedule for upcoming ICOs. ETH is usually the token used for exchange because the majority of ICOs launch on the Ethereum Blockchain. But this is not always the case. During January 2018, two NEO token ICOs, both the Key TKY and Ontology ICOs, were being carried out, and this caused the NEO cryptocurrency to spike to its all-time high in excess of $160 USD. Since the product or project is more often than not in its embryonic stage at the time of the ICO crowdfunding process, the ICO token’s true function and purpose is in most cases yet to be realized. At the ICO stage the tokens can usually be grouped together into one of three categories. Knowing how to distinguish these categories involves determining the specific nature and function of the token around which the project is centered. The main and crucial distinction, is whether or not a token is a security, and therefore subject to securities registration requirements. ICO Stage Token Categories Howey Test: This is the test created by the US Supreme Court to ascertain whether certain transactions qualify as “investment contracts”. If they are found to fall within this classification, then under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Exchange Act of 1934, those transactions are considered “securities” and participants must adhere to registration and disclosure requirements. One of the most important and amazing considerations of the effect of Blockchain technology is that normal people with a computer science background are now empowered to make decisions and offer products and services that previously only licensed financial institutions were able to do. This is a very complex and complicated situation with serious ramifications for anyone involved. One thing to note well is that ordinary participants and actors in this arena can easily commit white-collar crime, violating serious securities laws, without even realizing it. If a token falls within the US legal definition of “Investment Contract” then you must adhere to US regulations. For that reason, many ICOs simply do not want to sell to US based investors, perhaps until all the rules and regulations are clarified. Security Tokens The broad and varying definition of the term “security” is a regulatory minefield. This has always been true for traditional financial products, and now it is especially true for the as yet unregulated cryptocurrency market. In the case of SEC V. Howey, parameters were established to determine whether or not a particular financial arrangement could be classified as a security and thus be subject to securities regulations. Cooley LLP Fintech Team Leader Marco Santori has said, an arrangement is a security if it involves “an investment of money, and a common enterprise, with the expectation of profit, primarily from the efforts of others.” Investors have the option of accessing a huge range of security tokens through ICOs. Prime examples are the gold backed DigixDao (DGD) and CProp (still in crowd funding stage). A security token is fundamentally different from the currently available ICO project tokens in that it provides a legal and enforceable ownership of a company’s profits and voice in its governance much like common stock traded on any exchange. If security tokens are the next step in the evolution of crypto-finance, real estate, stocks, venture capital, and commodities can all be tokenized. The traditional markets could be fully connected to the Blockchain. Financial assets would available to anyone in the world, not just licensed or accredited investors. That is one aspect of Fintech, the financial revolution taking place today, as Blockchain technology clashes with traditional finance. Equity Tokens One exciting application of smart contracts on the Ethereum Network is the potential for startups to distribute equity tokens through initial coin offerings. That would reduce the hurdles that an average person has to face in order to take part in the early stages of a company’s development. And, democratic governance of a project could be conducted in a transparent manner through voting on the Blockchain. As of yet, few startups have attempted to conduct equity token sales for fear of falling afoul of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the US. But many Venture Capital insiders are bullish on the prospect of equity tokens taking a central role in the crypto finance industry, when and as the legal issues are resolved. For example, the Delaware State legislature recently passed a bill enabling companies to maintain shareholder lists on the Blockchain. That is one major step to enable Blockchain based stock trading. Lawyers also generally believe it is only a matter of time before the regulations are clarified. Did you know? Important consideration: The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 made it unfeasibly expensive for smaller companies to be listed on exchanges, causing a halving in the number of IPOs between 1996 and 2016 (7322 to 3671). In 2017 there was an almost 5-fold increase in the number of ICOs, from 43 to 210, with the 2017 volume already being eclipsed in the first 5 months of 2018. Utility Tokens However, given that this area is still a regulatory nightmare for people planning to issue security and equity tokens, many projects attempt to ensure that the tokens within their specific model fall under the definition of Utility Tokens rather than securities, so as to avoid the SEC regulations altogether. If a token is imbued with a certain functionality and use within the Blockchain infrastructure of that particular project, the token can avoid being labelled as a security, and thus render SEC regulations inapplicable. Just this week in fact, the SEC made the long-awaited and momentous decision that Ether was not a security. In the words of William Hinman, director of the Securities and Exchange Commission division of corporate finance, “Putting aside the fundraising that accompanied the creation of Ether, based on my understanding of the present state of Ether, the Ethereum network and its decentralized structure, current offers and sales of Ether are not securities transactions.” This means that Ethereum, in fact, fails the Howey test, which is exactly the decision the crypto world wanted. Hinman said, “When the efforts of the third party are no longer a key factor for determining the enterprise’s success, material information asymmetries recede,” Hinman said. “The ability to identify an issuer or promoter to make the requisite disclosures becomes difficult, and less meaningful.” We will now cover various use cases that projects have been adopting up to now in order to get their tokens classified as utility tokens rather than securities. Voting Rights Some coins portray themselves as a company with tokens being held in a way that is analogous to voting shares of a stock. One coin held is equal to one vote. This form of token utility has a major flaw in that so-called whales (people with huge amounts of a particular cryptocurrency) can manipulate any poll conducted. The cryptocurrencies Aragon and Lykke are examples of projects that have written voting rights into the structure of their code. In-App Reward: Another common tactic to evade the security label has been the addition of in-app rewards to the functionality of a particular token. The Basic Attention Token (BAT) is the unit of currency for use with the project browser named “Brave”. The BAT is a unit of account for the advertisers, publishers and users of the platform. Filecoin, the cloud storage project that raised a record $257 million through their ICO, pays other people or companies for use of their spare storage space. Some of the many rights afforded to token holders in various Blockchain projects are described by the graphic below. Token Roles Function The token can be used as a mechanism through which user experience is enhanced, enabling such actions as connection with users, or joining a broader network. It may also be used as an incentive for beginning usage or for on-boarding. Examples include Dfinity and Steemit. Value Exchange: In its most basic usage, a token is a unit of value exchange within a specific app or market. This usually is made up of features that allow users to earn tokens through real work or passive work (sharing data, allowing use of storage space) and to spend them on services or internal functions within the specific market ecosystem created by that organization. Augur and KIK, amongst countless others, are projects that have implemented this functionality into their tokenomics. Toll: The token can also be used for getting onto the Blockchain infrastructure, or for powering decentralized applications run on that particular Blockchain. This ensures that users have “skin in the game”. Tolls can be derived from running smart contracts, paying a security deposit, or just usage fees. Examples include Bitcoin and Ethereum. Currency: Seeing as the particular platform or app is designed with a view towards functioning in synergy with a particular token, the token is an extremely efficient means of payment and transaction engine, resulting in frictionless transactions. This means that companies can become their own payment processors and no longer have to rely on the often unwieldy stages of conventional financial settlement involving trusted third parties in the form of banks and credit card companies. Rights: Owning a token bequests certain rights upon the holder, such as product usage, voting, access to restricted markets, and dividends (e.g.: GAS for holding NEO). Though most businesses are trying to avoid fitting the definition of a security laid out in the Howey Test, the right to real ownership of a particular asset is sometimes granted as a result of holding a token, for example DigixDAO or Tezos. Comparison to Traditional IPO and Equity Capital Raisings Despite the similarity of the acronyms and the derivation of one from the other, Initial Coin Offerings and Initial Public Offerings are very different methods of fundraising. The distinction is not limited simply to the fact that IPOs are used in conventional business, and ICOs are associated with cryptocurrency. Through ICO’s, companies in their early stages issue digital tokens on a Blockchain and those tokens act as units of value for use within the ecosystem created by the project. They have many other uses, but it is also fair to say they are analogous to shares offered in an Initial Public offering. In an IPO, shareholdings are distributed to investors through underwriters, usually investment banks. But in the case of ICO token sales, companies often do not even have an actual product to show. Often, all that there is a whitepaper, evidence of the partnerships involved and the particular social-media infrastructure they have established. IPO’s take place when a more well-established company floats shares on a stock exchange. The company would have a well-established history of success and significant reasons to expect a bright future. In the vast majority of cases, an ICO is used for a new company with no such history, just trying to get off the ground. Another important difference is the expected return in exchange for the investment. Companies engaging in IPOs may offer participants dividend paying stocks which result in various levels of return depending on the success of the company after the shares are issued. An ICO however can offer no such guaranteed return. When buying tokens in an ICO, you do so with no promise of return. An investor who holds the tokens of a particular project does so with the promise, rather than an assurance, of future success. The main benefit to investors taking part in Initial Coin Offerings, compared to Initial Public Offerings, is the need for only basic Know Your Customer checks in the case of the ICO, compared to the costly, complex and time-consuming regulatory obstacles that must be traversed in an IPO. In the case of Initial Public Offerings, a business must obtain authorization from a number of entities before the act of “going public”. Prior to an IPO, companies are not obliged to disclose so much of their internal records or accounting. It is not so complicated to make a private company in the United States. But in the run up to going public, the company must form a board of directors, make their records auditable to the relevant authorities in one or more jurisdictions, and prepare to make quarterly reports to the SEC (or equivalent). Relevant Factors to Consider in ICO process When analyzing the chances of success for a specific project, and the likelihood of a favorable return on investment in the long term, it is essential to break down the project into its constituent parts, and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of each part individually. An effective investigation and analysis would start with the team and white paper. Consider the stage the project is at,and VC investments in the project. That would lead to a good initial idea of the actual progress thus far. Next, evaluate the social media presence and the credentials of the community that has formed around the core team. If a compelling case is made by the team, (e.g.: via an in-depth dive into the use case), and the tokenomics, distribution schedule, potential competitors, as well as the team’s awareness of any future business or regulatory concerns all check out; then the ICO might present a good opportunity for investment. In the following slides we tackle each of these considerations in order so you will be able to evaluate an ICO’s worth and assign a grade for the success of each project. Relevant Factors to Consider in ICO process The Team First and most important, we need evaluate the background and experience of the team, the people involved in the project. Well-established developers, for example, will likely have LinkedIn profiles demonstrating their previous endeavors and occupations, from which we can judge their suitability to the project and the likelihood of the team’s success. The LinkedIn profile is a point of reference for professional accomplishments and official positions. But we can also learn more about a person from their personal accounts on Twitter, Facebook, and Medium etc. That is also a good way to follow along with the progress of the project. By investigating team members through as many means as possible, you will know how long they have been involved in cryptocurrency. If they have been around and active for a long time, they are that much more likely to be knowledgeable and capable of making better quality decisions in this business. It goes without saying that it is a huge red flag if it is too difficult to find information about the team members online, and worse still if the team members are anonymous. Relevant Factors to Consider in ICO process A good Whitepaper gives a detailed description of the project, the problems the team is going to solve, the timeframe projected, and methods to be used in the implementation of their ideas. If, in answering the question about what the project actually does, it seems the team is presenting ideas that are too complicated or advanced to understand, then you simply should not invest until you are satisfied you have been given the requisite level of insight to understand the concepts described. It is always possible that the whitepaper is nothing more than a salad of buzzwords and technical language intended to give the impression of competence while really doing nothing but obfuscate the truth. The whitepaper should clearly and concisely present the problems and the solutions needed. The whitepaper must give a solid and coherent answer as to who needs this project and why. Also, if the team have put no effort into explaining why a Blockchain solution is needed for this particular problem, or why such a solution is superior to its “real-world” equivalent, it is likely they are only in it for the money. We have more to say about red-flags later. While 2016 raised a comparatively small amount in comparison to the proceeding years, there were a few specific projects that raised significant amounts of capital. These are respectable amounts of money, even by today’s standards, and especially impressive when contrasted with the immaturity of the ICO market at the time, and relative to amounts raised in traditional IPOs. Waves ($16.4mill), Iconomi ($10.6mill) and Golem ($8.6mill) were the three largest fundraisings of the year. 2017 was the year of the ICO whales. Hdac ($258mill), Filecoin ($257mill), EOS Stage 1 ($185mill) and Paragon ($183.16mill) were the largest that year. To be able to raise so much money, so quickly, in such a new market, using such a new mechanism is truly incredible. 2017 was the year that proved ICOs are for serious individuals and institutional investors as well. We have also had some phenomenal amounts raised so far in 2018. Telegram ($1.7bill), Dragon ($320mill), Huobi ($300mill) and Bankera ($150mill). Telegram might be the first mainstream example of an ICO, not only by raising close to $2billion, which would be beyond incredible and impressive even by traditional IPO standards; but also, because it is one of the first ICO companies to tangibly put a product in the hands of hundreds of millions of users, and successfully compete against traditional companies such as Facebook (MessengeWhatsApp), Microsoft (Skype) and Tencent (WeChat). What is ICO main mechanisms and processes.? How to market STO? What are the best security tokens 2019? Follow the link to learn more: UBAI.co We can teach you how to do ICO and STO in 2019. Contact me via Facebook to learn more: Facebook
Cryptocurrencies Poised to Finish the Day Positive, Bernstein Report Suggests Bitmain Market Position Deteriorating
Bitmain, the world’s large Bitcoin mining manufacturer, is introducing a new 18 terahash water-cooled mining device. The new rig, called the Antminer S9 Hydro, will have a hashrate of 18TH/s and will consumer ~1,728W.
A research report from Sanford Bernstein suggest that Bitmain’s monopolistic position in the bitcoin mining manufacturing industry is deteriorating. According to the analysis, competitors such as Canann and Ebang International are catching up to Bitmain and cause pricing pressure on Bitmain’s products. The decline in cryptocurrency market valuations have further put downward pressure on Bitmain profitability and returns on capital.
US cryptocurrency exchange Bittrex is partnering with Rialto Trading, a regulated alternative trading system, to launch blockchain-based securities. If the regulators approve of the idea, the Bittrrex-Rialto partnership is looking to launch products like issuance advisory service, placement, trading and custody.
According to Chinese news sources, the Chinese government has blocked domestic traders from accessing 120 overseas cryptocurrency exchanges.
After being hacked this past June, South Korean cryptocurrency exchange Bithumb recorded net profit of USD$35mm for C1H2018. Total revenues were USD$270mm while operating profit was USD$194 in spite of a significant drop in trading volume following the USD$31mm breach in June 2018.
The German Government call for an independent payment system that is free of the United States is being viewed as a net positive for Bitcoin.
LG, the South Korean electronics conglomerate, is strategic focus that emphasizes blockchain. The blockchain platform will emphasize a new decentralized identification protocol which will help LG transition to a completely digital ecosystem that manages customer businesses.
Stockholm IT Ventures AB, a Swedish Block startup, has signed an agreement with Valens Bank to use the BTT Crypto Trading Toolbox for Crypto Fund trading. The agreement will allow professional traders to actively manage digital assets for customers using AI trading tools.
The UK Ministry of Justice is exploring blockchain as a tool to secure digital forms of evidence according to CoinDesk. The idea, as explained by Deputy Director Balaji Anbil is that blockchain technology can be used to assist in handling digital evidence.
London-based Wirex, a Bitcoin wallet and payment card provider, announces it is the 3rd crypto-enabled company to receive a e-money license from the UK financial regulators. Wirex can now issue electronic money and provide payment services throughout the EU and European Free Trade Association.
The World Bank and Commonwealth Bank of Australia have issued a A$100mm (USD$73.16mm) public bond exclusively on a blockchain network.
I was able to get my hands on one of the coveted "Hard fork café" tshirts. Victor Lysenko from Acronis had brought a collection of them along, and was handing them out to for free to special people. Awwww <3 http://imgur.com/34Fthkj In the evening I was able to have dinner with Vitalik swoon He ended up ordering a selection of dishes on behalf of the table. He did a brilliant job and managed to do it in Mandarin. (Made me realise I need to step up my Mandarin lessons). http://imgur.com/D0pWga8http://imgur.com/6ZsUaNN There were quite a few presentations delivered in Chinese today. Live translation headsets were available. I was extremely impressed with the ladies doing the live translation, they were able to handle all the technical words and kept up very well with the demos. Apparently behind the scenes they had to train themselves up by reading blog posts and researching the topic so that they understood the technical jargon. http://imgur.com/Fi1PFid ` `
Demo day sessions summary
Today was demo presentations to a panel of judges, who voted on and decided the winners at the end of the day. http://www.blockchainweek2016.org/ On the negative grumpy side, there were so many similar projects (identity, stablecoins, distributed loan platform). But their were HEAPS of projects revolving around them building their own Blockchain, but never saying why their particular one is better than the existing Blockchain solutions. They always talked of the benefits of the Blockchain for business in general, but never their particular one specifically. However on the positive side, there were many great projects that made me sit up. The most interesting ones were projects like Weifund that leverage many other existing projects on the blockchain. Interestingly there were 17 projects that were building directly on top of the existing Ethereum Blockchain technology (both public & private) and leveraging the network effects. But strangely I didn't see any projects building on any other existing Blockchains such as BTC or Hyperledger (beside the 2 presentations by IBM pre-demo). Vitalik's comment near the end of the day summed it up well for me. A lot of the demos are creating projects that aren't really leveraging the Blockchain, and aren't better than the traditional version. A lot of the solutions are also still centralized, and rely on a single company. Don't try and create your project as a standalone solution. This is especially true with the many many identity services that are being created as new silos. Try and build something decentralised that can outlive a company and can grow. Uport was 1st prize. Other winners were weifund, Cosmos and others I didn't catch. I unfortunately missed uPort as I was late coming back in after the break :-( `
Keynote - IBM Hyperledger Very very high level information. Blockchain is useful. The value of a network grows exponentially with each new node Generic slides showing "Blockchain allows people to interact via the Blockchain". He said that "Companies in Silicon valley are trying Ethereum and then moving to Hyperledger in droves", sounds a bit farfetched to me (but i am biased) Opening speech by Sinodata Blockchain is important for the future of business. Sinodata are building things for b2b & b2c No details. Other companies are looking into 1.0 & 2.0, but they are more advanced. They are willing to share their vast experience in blockchain with other blockchain companies. "We are the creator & users of blockchain." ` `
Funny anecdote. During the introduction of the judges, the MC introduces Vitalik and the crowd cheers loudly. Chinese MC: "Oh... the audience is very excited about this judge, he must be very important" Ujo music "Fair drm" Music consumption is at an all time high. If consumption is waaay up, how is it artists are still hardly earning enough to support themselves. Artists have lost control An artist has fragmented identities on Spotify, soundcloud, discography, beatport. Difficult to keep fans up to dates on tour days Fan remixes on soundcloud get pulled down due to copyright infringement. Ujo gives fans a way to pay directly to the artist Use Ujo as their kit / digital container, to be in charge of their identity Reach piece of content is marked with their digital ID, so it can be tied to artist. Can set policies on fair use and creative rights Bestowit.global Everything changes when someone dies. Difficult time, need to find the will, usually paper based. If no will exists, then government decides. Difficult to know where to look for wills, no central place to look. Succesion law hasn't been updated in a long time, isn't up to date in a digital world. Created "living ledger". Wills on the ledger. Created a smart envelope, an iot device to put will inside and then seal and out on blockchain Vechain Unique ID on Blockchain Seems "to do everything": Id, lifecycle management, management portals. (no focus, which judges also commented on) Has a chip you can embed into anything to tag it. Can put on clothes or a bag, every article has a unique Id My thought: For those that like to show off their money & brands, now why just buy your avatar digital clothes to show off on social media. Instead now you can buy a Chanel bag, then you can prove on social media that you own own to show off. Decentralized capital Summary: it is a stable coin They use DC capital to back tokens. Use assets to purchase and back tokens. Bubi Blockchain (pronounced booby) Summary: they built their own Blockchain Data sets data is centralized. You don't own your own data. Your data is being monetized by other companies. They provide Bass Blockchain as a Service. Applications can use their Blockchain. Get data security. Finance. Etc etc Can do loyalty points, games, etc It is a Blockchain… They have 20k transactions a week "People should use our Blockchain. Will give you more opportunities and value" DGX A real stable coin Digital gold. 1 DGX = 1 gram of gold Each token is back by real gold in a vault, fully insured. The certificate of authenticity is put into IPFS Is ERC20 token compatible Introduction digix 2.0 Can log on and buy gold. Is implementing KYC (know your customer) Me: I like it, I tried to join the pre-sale, but sold out instantly. Cosmos (prize winner) Http://cosmos.networkhttp://tendermint.com A network of Blockchains (Cosmos hub). Securely communicate between the chains Uses Tendermint (which they built) Cosmos is a public Blockchain built on Tendermint. Could have a number of EVM based networks, then put a Cosmos hub in the middle to allow them to communicate with each other. Ethereum & Tendermint work well together. DeVita People waste lots of time trying to find answers on the Internet Post bounty for answers But bounties are posted on forums. How to enforce payment. They created a decentralized bounty system Can use the data of people who answer to create a CV "proof of expertise". EtherLoan Problems with centralized lending platforms, include hacking and high costs. Their solution connect distributed members with borrowers. Lenders can send funds to smart contact to participate in a loan. Borrower repays the loan, gets distributed to the lenders Borrower creates a new EtherLoan. Can customise the terms. If lenders like it, they fund it. Can negotiate the interest terms Is currently a PoC. Only supports simple loans with single repayment. Integration with unorthodox. Reputation system. Future : compound interest. Integration with credit score & risk management systems Qtumhttps://qtum.org/ Yet another Blockchain? They built it on incentive PoS. Can bring regulators & government. They want compatibility with Bitcoin & Ethereum. Pluggable consensus. Public & permissioned Blockchain. Supports EVM. EVM 2.0 Can apparently do anything that any other chain can do because you just code it in. Support for oracles. Integrates with KYC/AML Can run zcash in here. "does everything" Vitalik gave A LOT of feedback after the talk for it trying to do too much with no focus. Benefactory Like a next gen The DAO, but the funds are for non profits? Platform for distributed organisations. Pooling funds is hard Let individuals decide how to use their own funds Commonwealths are distributed non-profit organisations. What problems should you propose to solve to achieve a commonwealth objectives (and get funding) Zhong Tou Bang Lots of pollution and health issues in China Most Chinese people don't have health insurance Health insurance of on Blockchain Problems of privacy, how to protect it. User identity Trusted key Secure trusted identify Online id systems don't attest to a real world identify. Currently each online service (e.g. Airbnb) had their own verified user system which is not transferable. Using identity documents like drivers licence. Take photo of documents, take a selfish. Submit it. Once verified the proof is attached to identify. Can later provide proof the parts of the proof you want to share (name, age, gender Can then later cryptographically sign documents, like bank documents with your digital signature Coral legacy Creating a direct link from various to consumers. For wine. For $100 you can purchase a grape vine at a vineyard. You get the wine created from that vine. The vine is tokenism on the Blockchain. Your wine is in Blockchain, tied to your vine. Date, history, etc. Vine is $100. Administration is $10 / year. To make and record the wine is $30 / year B8 https://eth-b8.com Location based Blockchain service Organiser can drop a prize anywhere (geocache ?) People gather around a prize, one enough people have gathered, prize is distributed. Encourage people to gather at a point for an event eg. Mall opening Simple command line, put geo coords, number of people required to trigger, and total amount of ETH to distribute. Can try and counter GPS spoofing by using GPS & beacons. While also tracking user to detect anomalies, like jumping from USA to China in 5 minutes Judges (and attendees) were more interested in the anti-GPS spoofing technology, than their blockchain Dapp BioT. Blockchain IoT Like Slock.It IoT device with a light client that can connect to the Blockchain Can send ether to trigger the IoT device (like a vending machine, or smart meter). Can have a mobile SIM in it. Weifund (prize winner) Http://weifund.io Nick Dodson Make crowd funding an easy and simple thing to do. Decentralised kickstarter Crowdsales are not an easy thing to code yourself in a smart contact. They have put a lot of effort into security in their solution. They will have many types of campaigns, like presales. Supports many types of currencies. Is built fully decentralised, distributed via IPFS. Uses Metamask & uPort for identity Fluent Http://fluent.network Platform for financial operating network for global trade. Very enterprisey. Token http://token.im Chinese Blockchain startup Digital wallet, mobile app. "digital assets wallet" Light wallet. Looks very clean and slick. Trade tokens, use Dapps. Alipay app is popular here in China. They hope to be as popular for digital. Built a Ethfans & carbon vote integration Token factory http://thetokenfactory.com/ Create something that would allow people to experiment. Make easy to create and distribute your own token. Issue any token on any Ethereum network Simple wallet interface. Follows the token ERC20 standard Works with Metamask uPort Mist my ether wallet Stabl Coin http://stabl.money Literally just another stable coin Alta apps Another Blockchain with their own platform Hyperchain Another Blockchain Other Blockchains take too long to confirm. Bitcoin can take an hour Theirs is better because of lower block time ANX international Abs Blockchain services. Provide Blockchain services. Have their own platform. Provide a white labelling service of wallets, tokens
Cryptocurrency Rally Continues as the Lightning Network Makes Bitcoin Viable P2P Payment System
Brave, the privacy-focused web browser launched by a co-founder of Mozilla, plans to roll out a tipping add-on to its cryptocurrency payments platform. Users will now be able to tip other users via twitter and reddit via a Basic Attention Token wallet.
The Head of Research at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) argues that bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies are “masquerading” as real currencies. In an interview with Bloomerg, Hyun Song Shin suggests that digital cash is merely a “record keeping device” and is worthless: value only increases when others accept. The irony of this commentary is not lost on us here at Quantamize…what exactly is fiat currency again?!
The Commonwealth Bank of Australia is partnering with World Bank to issue a bond on a blockchain platform. The bond, called bond-I, is based on the internal technology research by the Commonwealth Bank of Australia which is experimenting with having investors and banks interacting through nodes on the blockchain to help capital for the bonds to be raised, transacted and paid back more efficiently.
Crypto MKT, a Chiliean cryptocurrency exchange, has announced that it has integrated with 5,000 merchants through a JV with Flow.cl. The platform is called CryptoCompra.com and is available in Chile, Argentina, Brazil and Europe but is only targeting Chileans. It is now possible for Chilean to pay for goods across these regions using Bitcoin, Ethereum or Stellar while merchants will receive their payments in fiat currency.
Dish Network is now accepting subscription payments in Bitcoin Cash. This initiative is alongside Dish’s move to the Bitpay blockchain payment system for Bitcoin.
Gabrotech is developing a blockchain platform that will allow loyalty programs to offer rewards in digital assets. The company is proposing to launch a digital wallet which will aggregate loyalty programs rewards into one place for users. According to Gabrotech, a single household is enrolled in 25 programs on average, but the rate of their utilization remains low, ranging from 10% to 80%.
The lightning network is now making it easier Bitcoin to become the P2P payment system that many early Bitcoin adopters believed. Apps are built on layer-two technology and permits users to send small amounts of money P2P. Unlike other payment systems like PayPal where the fees could eat up a large portion of tiny transaction, the fee on the lightning network is only 10 satoshis or a fraction of $0.01.
Litecoin transactions will soon be available to be sent through Telegram. The new feature, Lite.im, will permit users to send Litecoin via SMS messages on the Telegram platform.
Bitcoin News Commonwealth Bank of Australia Partners with Other Global Banks over Blockchain Technology. The Commonwealth Bank of Australia has been exploring the use of digital currency for money ... Currently those holding cryptocurrency can keep their cryptocurrency in a digital wallet, with an exchange or for higher net worth individuals, a Trust Company. The OCC’s statements are ... This might just be the Commonwealth Bank’s social media team being nice and doing its job, but it’s not absurd to think that a big bank could get involved in the Bitcoin game in future, is it? Commonwealth Bank of Australia: Australia: The Commonwealth Bank of Australia has held that it can refuse any international money transfer that is meant for facilitating payments with bitcoin or any other altcoin. However, the bank insists that lawful use of bitcoin is permitted—as long as the use complies with the bank’s terms and conditions. The Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA), Australia’s largest bank, however, revised its policies 14 months ago to prohibit virtual currency purchases via credit card. Despite this, a ...
CBA Bans All Credit Card Crypto Purchases!! (Banks Getting Worried...)
Heute geht's um folgende Themen: Simbabwe: Reserve Bank schiebt Bitcoin den Riegel vor, Chinesische Miner haben Probleme beim Umzug, Commonwealth Bank CFO startet bei Block.One 1.) Simbabwe ... Jacques shows us how easy it is once you have your Xapo card and Bitcoin wallet to draw money from any ATM Commonwealth Bank (CBA) have banned the purchase of digital currencies as of the 14th of February, 2018. At this stage they still allow purchases using debit cards. Banks are also getting nervous ... What are central bank digital currencies (CBDCs)? Why are they not as exciting as governments portray them to be? This question is from the sixth session of MOOC 12, which took place on October ... STEVE MNUCHIN BANKS ON BRIAN BROOKS TO BRING DIGITAL WALLETS BITCOIN XRP ALTCOINS TO THE MASSES! Now have the Store Open: enjoy https://www.btcteacher.com/sh...